Finca Experimental la Higueruela
La Estación de Campo Experimental de La Higueruela (HEFS) tiene una extensión de 90 ha, y se encuentra a 80 km de Madrid (N 40° 3'21.80 "/ W 4° 25'31.13") 486m asl. El área es característica de ambientes mediterráneos semiáridos que son casi excepcionales entre estaciones de campo experimentales.
La Higueruela Field Station is invaluable for the study of the different processes that create, produce and maintain diversity, sustainable use of natural resources, ecological restoration, recovery of degraded soils and water systems, and to analyze the influence of global change on our environment.
La Higueruela was created in 1972 as part of "Centro de Ciencias Medioambientales", now extinct, to survey and protect the biodiversity, study the adaptation of organisms to this semiarid environment, as well as experimental sustainable agriculture. Since 2011 La Higueruela became part of the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales with a great potential to be useful for Natural Resources objectives related to semiarid Mediterranean environments.
The agricultural origin of La Higueruela has a positive legacy. The field station has collected climatic parameters obtained from the weather station installed in La Higueruela, working at real time, with a complete historical information recorded in the last 40 years about climatic cycles and trends. There is also a complete description of soil chemistry and edaphic horizons certainly valuable. Farming areas persist in La Higueruela together with abandoned fallow domains that are available for experiments in natural.
Cooperation between LIFE projects:
|Project partners "LIFE10 ENV/ES/471 Traditional crops" and "LIFE 11 ENV/ES/535 CO2 Operation" in May 2015 visited the "La Higueruela" field station, in order to cooperate and exchange experiences.||See the video|
Long term experiments in progress (running already for 20 years):
• Ecological Management of agroecosystems of cereals: rotations, flora arvense and fertilization.
• Interaction of weeding and fertilization in Ecological Farming
• Conservation Agriculture in herbaceous farming.
• Use of different natural sources of organic matter.
• Cultivation of the pistachio trees (Pistacia vera). An alternative crop for the climate change.
• Different planting densities and cereal crop rotations.
• Recovery of financial mismanagement in traditional arable crops. In lines grouped planting, weeding with harrow
• Green fallow land.
• Ecological Succession on abandoned agricultural land of cultivation with reforested areas.
• Implementation of perimeter fences to regenerate biodiversity and erosion control.
• Cultivation in bands in areas of slope following the level curves and reinstalled with shrub vegetation for erosion control.
• Station for the study of air pollution and its impact on ecosystems.
• Taphonomic Station.
• Station for the study of climate change
• Station for the study of the diversity in abandoned areas of cultivation.
• Station for the study of erosion and soil degradation in Mediterranean ecosystems of environments.
Experiments are constantly and closely surveyed by the staff of the field station. La Higueruela also counts with a recently built facilitates to organize working meetings, workshops and visits.
The wide extension of this experimental field, the diversity of installations, a wide variety of soils and topography, natural fauna and flora and most importantly, the characteristic semiarid environments give to La Higueruela a special value for short, medium and long term experiments for Natural Resources.
Summary of the scientific activity in the Station:
|Publications SCI or Peer Reviewed||157|
|Publications no SCI||80|
|Books and chapters of books||283|
|PhD in progress||6|
|Patents in progress||2|
|Awards to investigation||6|
|Projects of Investigation||98|
Artículo divulgativo sobre la finca experimental:
Technical advisor: Marta Fernández García
Scientist in charge: Yolanda Fernández Jalvo